Privacy Policy

Dear visitor (hereinafter also referred to as "User"), we would like to inform you that within the portal, accessible at the address (hereinafter also the "Portal"), owned by the Istituto Affari Internazionali – IAI (hereinafter also the "Association" and/or the "Owner"), cookies are used. Through this information, also prepared in accordance with Article 13 of the EU Regulation 2016/679 on the protection of personal data (hereinafter "Regulation" and/or "GDPR"); D. LGS. no. 196/2003 – amended by D. Lgs. no. 101/2018 – (hereinafter the "Privacy Code"); as well as current privacy regulations, we explain what cookies are, how we collect personal data connected to them, for what purposes, and what your rights are.


Cookies: Small code portions that websites visited by the user send to the browser, where they are stored to be transmitted back to the same sites during navigation or the user's subsequent visit. During navigation, the user may also receive cookies on their device sent by different sites or web servers (so-called "third parties"), which may contain elements (such as images, maps, sounds, specific links to pages of other domains) present on the site the user is visiting. Cookies enable or facilitate access to certain web pages to improve user navigation (e.g., storing visited pages and other specific information, such as frequently visited pages, connection errors, etc.) or allow profiling activities.

Web Beacons: Code fragments allowing a website to transfer or collect information through the request of an electronic image. Electronic images, including banner ads, track visited web pages or verify whether the page has been viewed by the user. Web beacons can be used for various purposes, such as website usage analysis, advertising control and reporting, and customization of ads and content.

Similar Technologies: Technologies allowing treatments similar to those possible through cookies. These tools store data in the browser using local storage systems, such as flash cookies, HTML 5 cookies, and other methods and/or software for web applications. These technologies work in all browsers. In some cases, local storage use cannot be fully managed by browsers but requires specific tools from the data controller.


Subjectively, cookies are distinguished as:

  • Proprietary cookies (or first-party): cookies installed on a site directly by its owner;
  • Third-party cookies: cookies installed on a site by third parties other than the owner.

Temporally, based on their active duration, cookies are distinguished as:

  • Session cookies: store necessary information during the browsing session and allow the site to improve the user's browsing experience. The collected information is deleted when the browser is closed or the browsing session expires;
  • Persistent cookies: used to store user preferences within the site during navigation and facilitate the use of certain services; they persist even after the browser is closed. The "Iubenda" tool stores user consents for 12 months; after this period, the user will be asked to provide consent again through the banner.

Purposely, cookies are distinguished as:

  • Technical cookies: cookies, proprietary or third-party, used for navigation or to provide a service requested by the user. Without these cookies, some operations could not be carried out or would be more complex and/or less secure. These types of cookies are used anonymously or in aggregate form, and their installation and use do not require specific consent.
  • Analytical cookies: cookies, proprietary or third-party, used to measure a site's network traffic, obtain statistical information, even in aggregate form, on the number of users accessing the site and how it is used.

Analytical-type cookies can be assimilated to technical cookies and, as such, be used without the prior acquisition of the user's consent only if they are used for site optimisation purposes directly by the owner of the site itself, who may collect statistical information in aggregate form on the number of users and how they visit the site (the so-called "single out") (See "Guidelines for cookies and other tracking tools" published by the Garante per la protezione dei dati personali on 10 June 2021; hereinafter, also the "Guidelines").

Profiling cookies: cookies, proprietary or third-party, used to create a user profile to send advertising messages consistent with the user's tastes and consumption habits expressed during online browsing (profiling). Due to the potential invasion of privacy by these devices, European and Italian regulations require the user to be adequately informed about their use and to express their free and specific consent to their installation on their browsing device.


According to GDPR and the Guidelines, the Owner ensures that only "technical" and "analytical" cookies are installed on the Portal by default, where the latter are legitimately equatable to the former.

The Portal uses the services of "Google Analytics" - web analysis services provided by Google, a third-party company - to analyze User interaction with the Portal (e.g., number of pages visited, number of clicks). The Association has opted for the anonymization function of User IP addresses – which occurs when data is transmitted to Google systems – to prevent identification. Implementing this Google Analytics setting allows IP address anonymization by setting the value to 0 in place of the terminal part of the IP.

For more information about Google's cookie policies, you can click here.

Consent for the optional installation of profiling cookies requires specific, free, and informed consent from the User, which can be given for each cookie category through the appropriate cookie banner. Users also have the option to change their choices at any time.

The following cookies are used within the Portal:










First Party

Ensure the correct functioning of the Portal

1 day






Generate statistical data on User Portal usage

2 years






Data related to Portal visits per User

2 years






Ensure the correct functioning of the Portal

2 years




Users can manage cookie preferences by changing their browser settings and preventing third parties from installing them. It is also possible to delete past cookies, including the cookie where consent for the installation of cookies by this site is saved. Note that disabling all cookies may compromise the functionality of this site.

To automatically block any cookies transmitted by the site, users can change their browser settings. However, blocking cookies may prevent users from navigating all pages of the site or using specific features. Users can modify browser settings using the following commonly used browsers:

- Google Chrome 

- Mozilla Firefox  

- Internet Explorer  

- Opera

- Safari

For an overview of action methods for the most common browsers, visit here.

Note that advertising companies allow users to opt-out of receiving targeted ads if desired. This does not prevent cookie settings but stops the use and collection of some data by these companies.

For more information and the possibility of opting out, visit


Users can exercise their right to object to the full use of cookies by leaving the Portal and thus refusing the use of essential technical cookies necessary for its operation. In any case, users can browse the Portal by accepting the installation of only essential technical navigation cookies.

Any requests for information, clarification, or the exercise of rights can be addressed to the DPO designated by the IAI, at the e-mail address:

Each user has the right to exercise the rights recognized by Articles 15–20 of the GDPR, especially requesting access to personal data and/or rectification and/or deletion and/or opposition to processing and/or limitation of processing. To exercise these rights, contact the DPO designated by the IAI, at the e-mail address:

Users also have the right to lodge a complaint with the Italian Data Protection Authority, according to Article 77 of the Regulation, reachable at: or through the website


This cookie information may undergo changes over time – also related to the possible introduction of new sector regulations, updates and/or provision of new services, or technological innovations – so we invite users to periodically consult this page.

Last updated: 08.02.2022